Animal nutrition, welfare and health: the three pillars of the Animal Health research

Last month of November, CReSA organized two technical sessions, which were addressed to veterinarians and other professionals interested on knowing the progress on animal nutrition, welfare and health on Catalonia, on the fields of the poultry and porcine sectors.

Animal nutrition, health and welfare: the poultry applied research carried out on Catalonia

November 5th of 2014

The presentations were addressed to professionals of the poultry sector and public health. It broached the poultry applied research carried out on Catalonia through three different aspects: Poultry nutrition and animal welfare; Animal health; Nutrition and quality of the meat and of the channel.

Dr. Borja Vilà, researcher of the Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries (IRTA), in his talk he related the animal welfare according to the respect of five essential freedoms: absence of thirst, hunger, pain, diseases, as well as fear and stress. Besides, Dr. Vilà point out the necessity to understand the interaction between the animal welfare and the stress with the physiology of the intestinal tract.

On the other side, Dr. Natàlia Majó, researcher of the CReSA and Associate Professor of the Departament de Sanitat i Anatomia Animals of the Veterinary School of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), presented the main researches associated with the diseases found in the poultry industry that are carry out in the CReSA. Dr. Majó highlighted the results obtained on the last studies made on diseases such as avian influenza, avian infectious bronchitis, Gumboro disease or the Campylobacteriosis. Also, she point out the importance of the study related with diseases that can be zoonosis, which can carry a threat for the human health. Finally, Dr. Majó spoke about the need of the existence of a surveillance plan of avian influenza and its continuous monitoring of this infection.

Finally, Dr. Enric Esteve, director of the animal welfare and nutrition subprogram on poultry farming of the IRTA, emphasized the importance of the diet for the poultry and of the balance between the composition, quantity and effect of the fattening. On the other side, he also stand out that the conjugated linoleic acids (CLA), in combination with the Polyunsaturated fat acids (PUFA) and with the vitamin E possess beneficial effects for the quality of the meat and skin. Dr. Esteve mention some details about the studies on the Black Bone Syndrome and which answers are being discover in the firsts investigations about this matter.

This technical session was chaired by the Mr. Ramon Jové Miró, director of the Centre de Sanitat Avícola de Catalunya i Aragó (CESAC).


 

 

 

Animal nutrition, health and welfare: the porcine applied research carried out on Catalonia

November 13th of 2014

The talks were addressed to professionals of the porcine sector and public health, which tackle subjects related with the porcine applied research of this field. The presentations were divided in Intestinal nutrition and health, Future challenge of the porcine health and The animal welfare and its challenges

Dr. David Torrallardona, researcher from the IRTA, defended that it is fundamental maximize the intestinal health and that it must be balanced, preserving the digestive function, the microbiota and the barrier function. The equilibrium of the intestinal health is essential especially during the first weeks after the weaning. Also, Dr. Torrallardona emphasis that a “gut friendly” diet is fundamental for optimize the growth, the function and the health of the digestive tract.

Dr. Joaquim Segalés, director of the CReSA, has answered to the question “What is happening and who is doing it?” regarding the investigation about the porcine health. Dr. Segalés also mention the current possibilities of the investigation, taking into account the facilities and the existents programs of the CReSA, putting emphasis on two pathologies with great interest in the sector. The first one is the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV), the “media star” of the moment due to its diffusion as much in North America as in Europe, and the Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV), a virus that is around the porcine population for 30 years now and that remains on being one of the major healthcare concerns in the pig industry.

The legislation in the porcine field were the protagonist subject in the talk “The animal welfare and its challenges”, given by Dr. Antonio Velarde, director of the animal welfare subprogram of the IRTA. He defended the importance of integrating a more objective guide in the production chain, the Welfare Quality guide. This guide has the aim to develop an evaluation system, with 12 criterions, this assessment has the intention to be scientifically valid, with improvement strategies and considers the animal welfare in a multifactorial way. Dr. Velarde pointed out the importance on having protocols that permits identify problems, evaluates the effects of the improvement strategies and validates the production chain. The intent is that the porcine industry sees this guide as business opportunity, not as an obligation.

This technical session was chaired by the Dr. Josep Gasa, Professor of the Veterinary School of the UAB.



 

Both sessions were celebrated at the Veterinary School of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and are included within the Pla Annual de Transferència Tecnològica (PATT), from the Department of Agriculture, Farming, Fishery, Food and Natural Environment (DAAM), in which CReSA participates since 2010.

Download the presentations of the seminar:

Related publication: The disconcerting lack of knowledge about Campylobacter - Recap and presentations of the Technical Session “Campylobacter: from the farm to the table. Current situation and future perspectives”, included in the PATT of 2014.

For further information, contact with:

Dr. Joaquim Segalés i Coma
Profile on the CReSA Expert Finder  
Director and researcher of the CReSA
joaquim.segales@cresa.uab.cat
(+34) 935814492

Dra. Natàlia Majó Masferrer
Profile on the CReSA Expert Finder  
Researcher of the CReSA
natalia.majo@cresa.uab.cat
(+34) 935814563

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